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The History of Thailand

Updated on 25.08.2014 [ ๒๕. ๐๘. ๒๕๕๗ ]


 13. century Immigration of the Tai peoples (Lao, Shan and Tai) from southern China to destruction of their kingdom Nanzhao by Mongols. The immigrants destroyed the kingdoms of the Mon and Khmer in the catchment area of the Chaophraya River; they took thereby the Buddhist religion and culture.
 1767 Destruction of the capital Ayudhya by the Burmese.
 1782 Founding capital Bangkok by Rama I. Ancestor of the reigning Chakri dynasty. Siam remained free of colonial rule.
 1888 - 1907 Abandon of domination over Cambodia and Laos under French pressure.
 1932 Introduction of a constitutional monarchy.
 1939 - 1945 Im In the 2nd World War Thailand was allied with Japan, but was not involved in the war.
 1946
Accession to the throne of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
 1992 Pro-democracy riots, Interim prime minister Anand Panyarachun. The elections in September: Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai (Democrat Party), Government targets are democratization, decentralization, development.
 1997 until 1999 Thailand is the starting point of a deep regional economic and monetary crisis. The strong economic expansion since the beginning of the decade were interrupted
 1997 September: Adoption of a new constitution. Elections in October: Chuan Leekpai becomes Prime Minister.
 06.01.2001 The parliamentary elections bring "Thai Rak Thai" an overwhelming success. Thaksin Shinawatra is 23rd Prime Minister.
 06.02.2005 The ruling party of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra made in the parliamentary elections, a majority of two thirds of the seats and governs in of episode itself.
 24.02.2006 Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra dissolved the parliament and announced elections for 02 April 2006
 02.04.2006 General elections
 08.05.2006 The Constitutional Court declared the general elections invalid on 02/04/2006.
 09. until 13.06.2006 Celebration of the 60th Jubilee of of King Bhumibol Adulyadej
 23.07.2006 King Bhumibol Adulyadej signed decree for election on 15/10/2006.
 02.08.2006 In a series of attacks by almost 100 bombings and arson attacks in southern Thailand, three people were killed and four others injured.
 19.09.2006 The Thai military leaders led by the commander in chief of the army, Sonthi Boonyaratglin takes over in a bloodless coup verlaufenen the government and declares martial law. A "Council for Democratic Reform (CDR)", consisting of representatives of all branches of the military, took over the power in Thailand.
 01.10.2006 A transitional constitution comes into force with extensive powers for the National Security Council as the successor of the CDR. The former army chief General Surayud Chulanont is Interim Prime Minister.
 31.12.2006 With several bombings in Bangkok, three people were killed and 40 people injured.
 06.01.2007 At the suggestion of "Council for National Security " (CNS) the King appoints 100 members of the Constitutional Assembly (CDC). They have until July 2007 to draft a new constitution.
 20.08.2007 58% of Thailand's eligible voters vote in a referendum a new constitution.
 23.12.2007 Thailand elects a new parliament.
 2006 until 2008 Thailand is going through for the past two years, a political crisis, which in a coup of the military leadership on 19.09.2006 culminated against the elected transitional government since the exiled Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. The mood in politics and society had changed fundamentally after the coup. The initial euphoria over the alleged end of the political conflicts around the person of the deposed prime minister had given extensive disenchantment. The rulers of the junta and the government set up by the veteran members of the bureaucracy and the military under the former army chief and a member of the Privy Council Surayud Chulanont had not met their own political ambitions nor the expectations of the population.

Following the adoption of a new constitution in a referendum held on 19/09/2007 and 23/12/2007 Elections to the House of Representatives on seemingly democratic conditions are established.

The chairman of the elections, which emerged as the strongest party People's Power Party (PPP) Samak Sundaravej was elected on 28/01/2008 with the votes of the representatives of an existing coalition of six parties overwhelmingly the new prime minister. But this by election fraud (vote buying). Using the financial resources of the exiled Thaksin Shinawatra. PPP is the successor party to the court after the coup banned party of former PM Thaksin (Thai Rak Thai). On 6 February 2008 King Bhumibol Adulyadej have confirmed 35 ministers in their posts. Observers expect at almost all sectors of government policy with a resumption of the political programs of the previous government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.

Thailand's oldest party, the Democrat Party, takes over in the new House of Representatives, but the role of the parliamentary opposition.

Since early 2004, the mainly inhabited from Muslim Thais of Malay ethnicity southern border provinces to Malaysia have been hit by a wave of violence. Which has so far claimed more than 2,800 lives. Background and originator of the violence are unclear. Confessions to the almost daily attacks do not exist. The region looks since its integration into the Kingdom of Siam in the early 20th Century back on a history of violent clashes with fluctuating intensity of the Thai central government. Since the beginning of 2006 in parallel with the internal crisis in Bangkok an increase in violence in the southern provinces was recorded. The political vacuum in Bangkok hampered the efforts to pacify. The report of the government of Thaksin National Reconciliation Commission headed by the respected former Prime Minister Anand Panyarachun The report of the government of Thaksin National Reconciliation Commission headed by the respected former Prime Minister Anand Panyarachun, that was passed in June of the current Thaksin government, found despite a careful analysis of the causes of conflict and policy recommendations very little attention.

The transitional government of Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont had the pacification of the south set as one of its main objectives. The Prime Minister has repeatedly traveled to the conflict region and has become a major address on 2. November 2006 officially apologized for the mistakes of the previous government. In addition, management structures that had proven successful in previous years, and resulted in the abolition of Prime Minister Thaksin to an intensification of the conflict, re-established and sought cooperation with the neighboring country of Malaysia in conflict mitigation. So far, these measures have not yet led to positive effects in the crisis region.
 May 2008 From May 2008 increased protests from critics of the government to the opposition Democratic Party, the Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej, began blame corruption and demanding his resignation. Late August 2008, several thousand protesters occupied several days his office and temporarily airports of Phuket, Krabi and Hat Yai and members of the union and the pension funds picketed the railway connections Bangkok. Once there were violent clashes between supporters and opponents of the government and a first fatality was complaining that the government imposed on 1. September 2008, the state of emergency in Bangkok. The state election commission, meanwhile, had the Phak Palang Prachachon (PPP) fraud in the election on 23. In December 2007 and accused submitted a petition to ban them.

On 9. September 2008 the Constitutional Court ruled that Samak Sundaravej. Due to a staff job as a TV chef, according to the constitution is incompatible with the office of prime minister, his office had to dismiss. On 17. September 2008, the Deputy Minister Somchai Wongsawat, a brother Thaksin, newly elected Prime Minister.

After the election of the new Prime Minister, the opposition protests continued unchanged. Early October 2008 was arrested Cham Srimuang a high representative of the People's Alliance for Democracy PAD). On 7 October 2008 it came to the worst riots in Bangkok so far. After protesters barricaded the entrances to the Parliament building, the police tried to forcibly dissolve the demonstrations. Two people were killed and more than 400 people were injured. The Deputy Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh took over responsibility for police operations and announced his retirement. His call on the military to intervene in the crisis government in a coup, was rejected by the army chief Anupong Paojinda. On 20. November 2008, killed in an attack with a hand grenade in front of the besieged parliament building an opposition protester. The PAD thus strengthened their protests, more than 50,000 people gathered in Bangkok to rallies. On 25. November 2008, the international Suvarnabhumi Airport was occupied by protesters. Two days later, the regional airport in Bangkok-Don Mueang. The entire flight operations had to be stopped since. Although the Thai police, the government's opponents called for immediate evacuation and threatened prosecution, the airports remain occupied. In a bomb attack on 2 December 2008, at the regional airport Don Mueng, about 20 people were injured. One of them fatally.

On the same day, the Constitutional Court ordered the dissolution of the ruling PPP for election fraud. Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat and other leading members of the PPP was prohibited from political activity for five years. Somchai Wongsawat then declared his resignation, but announced the establishment of the PPP under a new name with the aim of the movement continue to form the government. As interim prime minister Chaovarat Chanweerakul was used.
 February 2014 Controversial anti-government protests have been running since December 2013 in Thailand. To eliminate the influence of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra on Thai politics. The protests were caused by a proposed amnesty. The bill could be for Thaksin, the brother of current Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, make possible to return to Thailand. Without an existing conviction. He had imposed on itself Exile.
 April 2014 Tens of thousands of Thais from the north joined a pro-government rally on Saturday the 5th April.
Tens of thousands of Thais from the north joined a pro-government rally.

The leaders of the red shirts during warned that the courts will try:
"The power to take over without elections!".
The draft amnesty law of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra will of course be regarded as a breach of the Thai Constitution. Also, because of expensive rice subsidies and the dismissal of the head of the National Security Council in 2011.

To fight corruption in Thailand leads to conflicts for decades already. The Constitutional Court had to cancel the early election. Because Yingluck Shinawatra had previously dissolved the parliament. At the moment she is therefore an interim prime minister.

Jatuporn Promphan: «We will fight»
Jatuporn Promphan, the leader of the Red Shirts:
«We will fight»

A civil war is too fear.
The understanding of democracy is more heavily loaded. For one side are "good relations" more important. Often with money under the table. The other side sees the burden caused by the resulting corruption.
 May 2014 Since 22 May, the military is on the government to get the ongoing civil unrest under control. It governs the General Prayuth Chan-ocha interim. Under him the "National Council for Peace and order" was established. On May 20, imposed martial law. General Prayuth Chan-ocha seated himself at the head of a "National Council for peace and order."
 August 2014 On August 21, 2014,
selected by the military leadership National Legislative Assembly,
General Prayuth Chan-ocha elected as prime minister.
Prayuth Chan-ocha
General Prayuth Chan-ocha
 
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