| 13. century
||Immigration of the Tai peoples (Lao, Shan and Tai)
from southern China to destruction of their kingdom Nanzhao by Mongols.
The immigrants destroyed the kingdoms of the Mon and Khmer in the catchment area of the
Chaophraya River; they took thereby the Buddhist religion and culture.|
||Destruction of the capital Ayudhya by the Burmese.|
||Founding capital Bangkok by Rama I. Ancestor of the reigning
Chakri dynasty. Siam remained free of colonial rule.|
| 1888 - 1907
||Abandon of domination over Cambodia and Laos under French pressure.|
||Introduction of a constitutional monarchy.|
| 1939 - 1945
||Im In the 2nd World War Thailand was allied with Japan,
but was not involved in the war.|
||Accession to the throne of King Bhumibol Adulyadej|
||Pro-democracy riots, Interim prime minister Anand Panyarachun.
The elections in September: Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai (Democrat Party), Government targets
are democratization, decentralization, development.|
| 1997 until 1999
||Thailand is the starting point of a deep regional economic and
monetary crisis. The strong economic expansion since the beginning of the decade were
||September: Adoption of a new constitution.
Elections in October: Chuan Leekpai becomes Prime Minister.|
||The parliamentary elections bring "Thai Rak Thai" an overwhelming
success. Thaksin Shinawatra is 23rd Prime Minister.|
||The ruling party of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra made in
the parliamentary elections, a majority of two thirds of the seats and governs in of episode
||Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra dissolved the parliament and
announced elections for 02 April 2006|
||The Constitutional Court declared the general elections invalid
| 09. until 13.06.2006
||Celebration of the 60th Jubilee of of King Bhumibol Adulyadej|
||King Bhumibol Adulyadej signed decree for election on 15/10/2006.|
||In a series of attacks by almost 100 bombings and arson attacks
in southern Thailand, three people were killed and four others injured.|
||The Thai military leaders led by the commander in chief of the
army, Sonthi Boonyaratglin takes over in a bloodless coup verlaufenen the government and
declares martial law. A "Council for Democratic Reform (CDR)", consisting of representatives of
all branches of the military, took over the power in Thailand.|
||A transitional constitution comes into force with extensive powers
for the National Security Council as the successor of the CDR. The former army chief General
Surayud Chulanont is Interim Prime Minister.|
||With several bombings in Bangkok, three people were killed and
40 people injured.|
||At the suggestion of "Council for National Security " (CNS)
the King appoints 100 members of the Constitutional Assembly (CDC). They have until July 2007
to draft a new constitution.|
||58% of Thailand's eligible voters vote in a referendum a
||Thailand elects a new parliament.|
| 2006 until 2008
||Thailand is going through for the past two years, a political
crisis, which in a coup of the military leadership on 19.09.2006 culminated against the elected
transitional government since the exiled Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. The mood in politics
and society had changed fundamentally after the coup. The initial euphoria over the alleged end
of the political conflicts around the person of the deposed prime minister had given extensive
disenchantment. The rulers of the junta and the government set up by the veteran members of the
bureaucracy and the military under the former army chief and a member of the Privy Council
Surayud Chulanont had not met their own political ambitions nor the expectations of the
Following the adoption of a new constitution in a referendum held on 19/09/2007 and 23/12/2007
Elections to the House of Representatives on seemingly democratic conditions are established.
The chairman of the elections, which emerged as the strongest party People's Power Party (PPP)
Samak Sundaravej was elected on 28/01/2008 with the votes of the representatives of an existing
coalition of six parties overwhelmingly the new prime minister. But this by election fraud
(vote buying). Using the financial resources of the exiled Thaksin Shinawatra. PPP is the
successor party to the court after the coup banned party of former PM Thaksin (Thai Rak Thai).
On 6 February 2008 King Bhumibol Adulyadej have confirmed 35 ministers in their posts. Observers
expect at almost all sectors of government policy with a resumption of the political programs of
the previous government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
Thailand's oldest party, the Democrat Party, takes over in the new House of Representatives,
but the role of the parliamentary opposition.
Since early 2004, the mainly inhabited from Muslim Thais of Malay ethnicity southern border
provinces to Malaysia have been hit by a wave of violence. Which has so far claimed more than 2,800
lives. Background and originator of the violence are unclear. Confessions to the almost daily
attacks do not exist. The region looks since its integration into the Kingdom of Siam in the
early 20th Century back on a history of violent clashes with fluctuating intensity of the Thai
central government. Since the beginning of 2006 in parallel with the internal crisis in Bangkok
an increase in violence in the southern provinces was recorded. The political vacuum in Bangkok
hampered the efforts to pacify. The report of the government of Thaksin National Reconciliation
Commission headed by the respected former Prime Minister Anand Panyarachun
The report of the government of Thaksin National Reconciliation Commission headed by the
respected former Prime Minister Anand Panyarachun, that was passed in June of the current
Thaksin government, found despite a careful analysis of the causes of conflict and policy
recommendations very little attention.
The transitional government of Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont had the pacification of the
south set as one of its main objectives. The Prime Minister has repeatedly traveled to the
conflict region and has become a major address on 2. November 2006 officially apologized for
the mistakes of the previous government. In addition, management structures that had proven
successful in previous years, and resulted in the abolition of Prime Minister Thaksin to an
intensification of the conflict, re-established and sought cooperation with the neighboring
country of Malaysia in conflict mitigation. So far, these measures have not yet led to
positive effects in the crisis region.
| May 2008
||From May 2008 increased protests from critics of the
government to the opposition Democratic Party, the Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej, began
blame corruption and demanding his resignation. Late August 2008, several thousand protesters
occupied several days his office and temporarily airports of Phuket, Krabi and Hat Yai and
members of the union and the pension funds picketed the railway connections Bangkok. Once
there were violent clashes between supporters and opponents of the government and a first
fatality was complaining that the government imposed on 1. September 2008, the state of
emergency in Bangkok. The state election commission, meanwhile, had the Phak Palang Prachachon
(PPP) fraud in the election on 23. In December 2007 and accused submitted a petition to ban
On 9. September 2008 the Constitutional Court ruled that Samak Sundaravej. Due to a staff job
as a TV chef, according to the constitution is incompatible with the office of prime minister,
his office had to dismiss. On 17. September 2008, the Deputy Minister Somchai Wongsawat,
a brother Thaksin, newly elected Prime Minister.
After the election of the new Prime Minister, the opposition protests continued unchanged.
Early October 2008 was arrested Cham Srimuang a high representative of the People's Alliance
for Democracy PAD). On 7 October 2008 it came to the worst riots in Bangkok so far.
After protesters barricaded the entrances to the Parliament building, the police tried to
forcibly dissolve the demonstrations. Two people were killed and more than 400 people were
injured. The Deputy Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh took over responsibility for police
operations and announced his retirement. His call on the military to intervene in the crisis
government in a coup, was rejected by the army chief Anupong Paojinda. On 20. November 2008,
killed in an attack with a hand grenade in front of the besieged parliament building an
opposition protester. The PAD thus strengthened their protests, more than 50,000 people
gathered in Bangkok to rallies. On 25. November 2008, the international Suvarnabhumi Airport
was occupied by protesters. Two days later, the regional airport in Bangkok-Don Mueang.
The entire flight operations had to be stopped since. Although the Thai police, the
government's opponents called for immediate evacuation and threatened prosecution, the
airports remain occupied. In a bomb attack on 2 December 2008, at the regional airport
Don Mueng, about 20 people were injured. One of them fatally.
On the same day, the Constitutional Court ordered the dissolution of the ruling PPP for
election fraud. Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat and other leading members of the PPP was
prohibited from political activity for five years. Somchai Wongsawat then declared his
resignation, but announced the establishment of the PPP under a new name with the aim of
the movement continue to form the government. As interim prime minister Chaovarat Chanweerakul
| February 2014
||Controversial anti-government protests have been running
since December 2013 in Thailand. To eliminate the influence of former Prime Minister
Thaksin Shinawatra on Thai politics. The protests were caused by a proposed amnesty.
The bill could be for Thaksin, the brother of current Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra,
make possible to return to Thailand. Without an existing conviction. He had imposed on
| April 2014
||Tens of thousands of Thais from the north joined a pro-government rally on
Saturday the 5th April. |
The leaders of the red shirts during warned that the courts will try:
"The power to take over without elections!".
The draft amnesty law of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra will of course be regarded as a breach of the
Thai Constitution. Also, because of expensive rice subsidies and the dismissal of the head of the National
Security Council in 2011.
To fight corruption in Thailand leads to conflicts for decades already. The Constitutional Court had to cancel
the early election. Because Yingluck Shinawatra had previously dissolved the parliament.
At the moment she is therefore an interim prime minister.
Jatuporn Promphan, the leader of the Red Shirts:
«We will fight»
A civil war is too fear.
The understanding of democracy is more heavily loaded. For one side are "good relations" more important.
Often with money under the table. The other side sees the burden caused by the resulting corruption.
| May 2014
||Since 22 May, the military is on the government to get the ongoing civil unrest under
control. It governs the General Prayuth Chan-ocha interim. Under him the "National Council for Peace and order" was
established. On May 20, imposed martial law. General Prayuth Chan-ocha seated himself at the head of a
"National Council for peace and order."|
| August 2014
||On August 21, 2014,|
selected by the military leadership National Legislative Assembly,
General Prayuth Chan-ocha elected as prime minister.
General Prayuth Chan-ocha